Items you will need
1 x Fenn Mole trap
1 x garden hand trowel
1 x small marker flag (optional)
Trap location is critical – irrespective of what type of mole trap you use.
Setting the trap in an active mole tunnel is the most important step for trapping a mole. To find an active tunnel, press down with your boot on portion of an existing tunnel. Check it the next day to see if the tunnel is raised. Raised dirt indicates an active tunnel.
If you have a mole in your field or garden you may notice several tunnels heading in different directions. Look for a long straight tunnel that connects other smaller tunnels that branch out. This longer tunnel is the main thoroughfare and it is used the most. This is the best place to set a trap.
Once you have found an active mole tunnel, dig out a small section of the tunnel that’s about the size of the trap. I generally use a small trowel or shovel to do the work. If you use your hands at all you must use gloves because moles have a keen sense of smell.
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The scientific name of the European mole is Talpa europaea.
Mole tunnels are more than just underground highways. They special chambers at the ends of tunnels that serve as bedrooms and birthing areas.
Some tunnel chambers act as larder. They eat mostly earthworms, and keep them alive and immobile by biting their heads, and then store them in the chamber. As many as 470 worms have been recorded in one chamber.
Moles spend most of their lives alone and underground in their tunnels. Moles are such loners, in fact, that three to five moles per acre (7 to 12 hectares) is considered a lot.
Moles spend their time digging tunnels and hunting for food. A permanent tunnel is usually about 2 inches (5 cm) in diameter and 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30 cm) below the surface, while temporary tunnels are usually right under the surface of the ground.
It is a misconception that moles burrow into gardens to eat the roots of plants. They are actually looking for earthworms that are found in the soil. Moles love earthworms so much that they eat nearly their body weight worth of earthworms per day. For example, a mole weighing 2.8 ounces (80 g) eats around 1.7 ounces (50 g) of earthworms per day, according to the Mammal Society. Moles also consume insect larvae.
During breeding season, males will enlarge their tunnel to more territories to find females to mate with. Once the breeding is done, a spherical nest chamber lined with dry plant material is created. A female mole gives birth to three to four hairless babies at a time. By 14 days old, the mole babies, called pups, will start to grow hair. At four to five weeks, the pups are weaned, and at 33 days they leave the nest. By five to six weeks, pups leave their mother and their home tunnel completely. Moles typically live three years.